APA Examples

APA EXAMPLE OF INFORMATIVE ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: TAKEN FROM PATRICIA BIZZELL AND BRUCE HERZBURG'S BOOK Voeltz, L.M. (1980). Children's attitudes toward handicapped peers. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 84, 455-464. As services for severely handicapped children become increasingly available within neighborhood public schools, children's attitudes toward handicapped peers in integrated settings warrant attention. Factor analysis of attitude survey responses of 2,392 children revealed four factors underlying attitudes toward handicapped peers: social-contact willingness, deviance consequation, and two actual contact dimensions. Upper elementary-age children, girls, and children in schools with most contact with severely handicapped peers expressed the most accepting attitudes. Results of this study suggest the modifiability of children's attitudes and the need to develop interventions to facilitate social acceptance of individual differences in integrated school settings. APA EXAMPLE OF INDICATIVE ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: EXAMPLE FROM THOMAS TATE'S HANDOUT FOR THE WRITE PLACE Howard, T, & Rifkin, J (1977). Who should play God? New York: Dell. This book "lifts the cloak of secrecy from genetic experiments" and explores, among other things, "who is performing the research and who profits from it" (12). It's clearly anti-genetic engineering; its chapter titles give a good idea of the direction and flavor of the book, for example, "Eugenics," "Eliminating 'Bad' Genes," "Bio-Futures," "Scientists and Corporation." This book looks as if it is an appropriate source for the social arguments from the political left wing. NOTE: This example includes an instance of citation within an annotation. You can also see in this example that if the bibliography itself is only one line,

you go on to indent two spaces as usual for the annotation. APA EXAMPLE OF EVALUATIVE ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: EXAMPLE FROM LAURIE CARLSON'S HANDOUT Schechter, H. (1971). Death and resurrection of the king: Elements of primitive mythology and ritual in "Roger Malvin's Burial." English Language Notes, 8, 201-05. Though Schechter reorganizes the material in an interesting format, basically his study is a reiteration of Cassier's seminal argument in The Sacred and the Profane: Modern Myth Studies. Schechter's major contribution to the debate is his recognition that Reuben sacrifices Cyrus so that the curse of death-in- life can be removed. Schechter's attempt to put Cassier's argument in a Jungian context is intriguing but not quite successful, since he must ignore important elements in the story to do so. NOTE: Compare the content of the following APA summary annotation with the critical/evaluative

annotation given above for the same source. Note

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the difference in approach and information. Schechter, H. (1971). Death and resurrection of the king: Elements of primitive mythology and ritual in "Roger Malvin's Burial." English Language Notes, 8, 201-05. Working with Frazer's paradigm of the death and resurrection of the King motif in myth and ritual, Schechter sees Malvin as the dying king in Hawthorne's short story and Reuben as his successor. Reuben sacrifices Cyrus so that the curse of death-in-life can be removed. Thus, the tale becomes the imaginary fulfillment of the blessing of fertility (204). APA EXAMPLE OF COMBINATION ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: TAKEN FROM CENTER FOR INFORMATION ON LANGUAGE TEACHING AND THE ENGLISH TEACHING INFORMATION CENTER
OF THE BRITISH COUNCIL'S BIBLIOGRAPHY. Morris, Joyce M. (1959). Reading in the primary school: An investigation into standards of reading and their association with primary school characteristics. London: Newnes, for National Foundation for Educational Research. Report of a large-scale investigation into English children's reading standards, and their relation to conditions such as size of classes, types of organization and methods of teaching. Based on enquiries in sixty schools in Kent and covering 8,000 children learning to read English as their mother tongue. Notable for thoroughness of research techniques. APA EXAMPLE OF TELESCOPIC ANNONTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: EXAMPLE FROM I. F. BELL AND J. GALLUP'S REFERENCE GUIDE Vowles, Richard B. (1962). Psychology and drama: A selected checklist. Wisconsin Studies in Contemporary Literature, 3(1), 35-48. Divided by individual authors. Reviews the research between 1920 and 1961. APA EXAMPLE OF PARAGRAPH ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: TAKEN FROM MICHAEL ENGLE, AMY BLUMENTHAL, AND TONY COSGRAVE'S "HOW TO PREPARE AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY" Goldschneider, F. K., Waite, L. J., & Witsberger, C. (1986). Nonfamily living and the erosion of traditional family orientations among young adults. American Sociological Review, 51, 541-554. The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of no family living.

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